Development & Impact of the Cold War:
The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall
Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was civis Romanus sum ["I am a Roman citizen"]. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner!"... All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and, therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words "Ich bin ein Berliner!"
Within the early hours of August 13, 1961, the East German "shock workers" had sealed off east Berlin from their western counterpart. Four days later, the barbed wires were replaced by four-meter high concrete blocks. For the next 28 years, Berlin would be divided by a 111-kilometer long wall along with 300 watch towers with border guards and 50 bunkers or trenches. Anyone attempting to cross into Western Berlin were shot on the spot. Below are interactive and annotated diagrams showing how the East German government blockaded east Berlin.
Task: The Berlin Wall Revision Guide
- Read the following sources: Chapter 8 "History - 20th Century World: The Cold War (purple text)", pages 407 to 409 of the text "Modern World History (blue text)", "The Berlin Wall 1.jpg", "The Berlin Wall 2.jpg", "The Building of the Berlin Wall.pdf", "The Berlin Wall.pdf" and "The Berlin Wall.jpg".
- Create a revision guide highlighting 3 major aspects of the Berlin Wall topic: 1) The Underlying Causes, 2) Khrushchev vs. Kennedy and 3) The Effects of the Berlin Wall.
- The Underlying Causes should contain: a) A summarized timeline of the topic (from 1956 to 1961), b) A table highlighting the economic differences between East and West Germany, C) A table highlighting the political differences between East and West Germany.
- Khrushchev vs. Kennedy should contain a table highlighting the policies of Khrushchev vs. Kennedy (What did each leaders want in regards to Berlin?).
- The Effects of the Berlin Wall - What were the effects of the Berlin Wall? (This section will require you to research outside of the sources provided)